Chamraj - UNTEA - United Nilgiri Tea Estates Company
The living and working conditions of the laborers on remote tea plantations, such as Chamraj, were notoriously poor in its early days. In 1951, the Plantation Labor Act was one of the first initiatives to make estate companies responsible for the welfare of their workforce including the provision of housing, health care and education. Chamraj Estate changed hands in 1960 when the current owners, the Amalgamation Group, bought all businesses belonging to UNTEA from the Stanes family. Since then, Amalgamation has consistently invested in Chamraj and its laborers giving it a premier name in the industry.
Today, the factory at Chamraj is the largest in the Nilgiris and has the capacity to process up to 40,000 kilograms of tea every day for 6 days a week during peak production. While the trend of the domestic market was to switch to low quality tea due to surplus and drought, Chamraj maintained its high quality by reducing labor costs and upgrading its equipment.
Chamraj has positioned itself as a manufacturer of ethical tea, gaining Fair Trade, Rain Forest Alliance, and Kosher certification and is working on full organic certification. Nearly 10 percent of its sales are now Fair Trade, destined for the UK, Japan, Germany and the US. Chamraj hopes to eventually sell all of its teas as Fair Trade Certified™.
Fair Trade has improved the working and living conditions of laborers who come from all over the region to work at Chamraj. Educational funds have been a very important initiative for the development of the region. Fair Trade helps fund the higher education of laborers’ children and exposes them to new career opportunities while enabling them to support their retired parents. Retired workers are replaced by new migrant workers from the area, allowing other children the same access to education. This cycle has provided new opportunities for other poor families and children in the area. Projects like these are proposed and managed by a Joint Body or elected members, most of whom are women.
I’m working now but I don’t know whether my children will take care of me when I retire. So this will benefit me, even if my children don’t take care of me the money I get from the pension will help me to either build a house or repair a house and I will live happily. ”
We would love to sell all our tea as Fair Trade tea. That is not only good for the company as it yields higher prices but especially for the workers. Look what has been accomplished with the premium money and imagine what would happen if all our tea was sold as Fair Trade. Major changes could be achieved. ”
Our standard of education has improved and the computer training has improved our chances of going to college and getting a good job… my knowledge has grown because we have access to all the information on the internet. ”
Hostel for Secondary Students living far away
The premium has also helped pay for a hostel for secondary school students who live too far away to travel each day, as well as crèches and an orphanage.
Laboratory for school and Multimedia Center
The secondary school has been provided with laboratory facilities for pre-university students to study biology, chemistry, and physics. And a new three-storey, eight classroom multimedia centre is under construction, due to be opened in January 2010. It is jointly funded by the Fair Trade premium, Chamraj and the Tea Board of India.
Kitchen Appliances, Gas Stoves and Bottles, TV and Furniture for Community Hall
Pressure cookers, gas stoves and gas bottles have been provided, ending the need to spend hours collecting firewood from the forest. Satellite TV connections and furniture have also been made available for the community hall.