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Producer Profiles

Chamraj - UNTEA - United Nilgiri Tea Estates Company

Chamraj Tea Estate was established by an English businessman named Robert Stanes in 1922 and is located in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu, South India. It is one of a group of four neighboring tea estates owned by United Nilgiri Tea Estates (UNTE), the others being Allada Valley, Devabetta and Korakundah. The estates are set among rolling hills covered in dense vegetation and natural forest interspersed with small villages. At elevations above 6,500 feet, the production of high quality black, green and oolong orthodox teas is possible. At 8,000 feet Korakundah is the highest tea estate in India and is awaiting accreditation from the Guinness Book of Records as the highest in the world.

The living and working conditions of the laborers on remote tea plantations, such as Chamraj, were notoriously poor in its early days. In 1951, the Plantation Labor Act was one of the first initiatives to make estate companies responsible for the welfare of their workforce including the provision of housing, health care and education. Chamraj Estate changed hands in 1960 when the current owners, the Amalgamation Group, bought all businesses belonging to UNTEA from the Stanes family. Since then, Amalgamation has consistently invested in Chamraj and its laborers giving it a premier name in the industry.

Today, the factory at Chamraj is the largest in the Nilgiris and has the capacity to process up to 40,000 kilograms of tea every day for 6 days a week during peak production. While the trend of the domestic market was to switch to low quality tea due to surplus and drought, Chamraj maintained its high quality by reducing labor costs and upgrading its equipment.

Chamraj has positioned itself as a manufacturer of ethical tea, gaining Fair Trade, Rain Forest Alliance, and Kosher certification and is working on full organic certification. Nearly 10 percent of its sales are now Fair Trade, destined for the UK, Japan, Germany and the US. Chamraj hopes to eventually sell all of its teas as Fair Trade Certified™.

Fair Trade has improved the working and living conditions of laborers who come from all over the region to work at Chamraj. Educational funds have been a very important initiative for the development of the region. Fair Trade helps fund the higher education of laborers’ children and exposes them to new career opportunities while enabling them to support their retired parents. Retired workers are replaced by new migrant workers from the area, allowing other children the same access to education. This cycle has provided new opportunities for other poor families and children in the area. Projects like these are proposed and managed by a Joint Body or elected members, most of whom are women.


My mother worked in this estate for 35 years and she’s retired now. Because of the retirement benefits we earn, she is living happily with the funds given to her as a pension.  


The involvement of Fairtrade in this venture has to be realised and appreciated because the services that this hospital is giving is wide and it is open to everyone in need of help and the number of our patients has increased over the last five years and I find that Fairtrade is helping this hospital to achieve its goals.  

Dr. Omprakash

We have children who have become doctors and engineers, and some of them have gone to the U.S. to work in engineering and information technology. Knowing this gives us great pleasure.  

Mr. Pinto


Hospital Beds, Ultrasound Scanners, X-rays and Free Vaccination

The 60-bed hospital carries out urgent surgeries such as appendectomies and has a laboratory to analyze blood tests. Again, 60 percent of patients are non-estate people from surrounding villages who pay a small consultation fee. The premium has provided an ultrasound scanner for pregnant mothers and x-ray machines to diagnose fractures. All this reduces the need for patients to seek treatment at the hospital in Ooty, some 23km and an hour away by bus, except for estate people who are taken by ambulance. Waterborne diseases are endemic to the region so workers and their families have benefitted from free hepatitis B and typhoid vaccinations and children have blood tests every six months.

Funding and Equipment for primary and secondary education

The Fair Trade premium has provided craft equipment and abacuses to the estate primary school as well as extending the playground for the 280 children who attend. Tea estates must by law provide primary education in Tamil, but Chamraj also provides secondary education in both Tamil and English up to age 18 to prepare students for higher education. The premium also goes toward funding a portion of teacher salaries. English education is normally very expensive but parents here only have to pay a small fee for their children, most of whom are the first generation in their family to have access to this kind of education.

Kitchen Appliances, Gas Stoves and Bottles, TV and Furniture for Community Hall

Pressure cookers, gas stoves and gas bottles have been provided, ending the need to spend hours collecting firewood from the forest. Satellite TV connections and furniture have also been made available for the community hall.